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Lothal – The Port and Business Hub of ancient India

  • Ekaki
  • October 24, 2016
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Lothal is situated at a distance of 80 kms from Ahmedabad near the village of Saragwala in the Dholka Taluka of Ahmedabad district. It is one of the city of ancient Indus Valley Civilizations and one of the important archeology site. It was discovered in the year 1954, but its excavation work began on the February 13, 1955.Lothal was one of the leading center of trade in the ancient times. Its harbor is one of the oldest in the world, entirely used for trade activities.
 
The scientists of Lothal were credited with to lay the foundation of the study of stars and navigation.The city spread over approximately 950 ft x 750 ft area, it is one of the earliest docks in the world history if we go by unbiased historical accounts.

 
 A coastal route existed between ancient city Lothal and Dholavira to Sutkagan Dor on the Makran coast.After carefully studying the mechanism Lothal developed to protect its area, we can say that the people who lived in Lothal in ancient times were well versed in “Town Planning” and “Structural engineering”.
L K Singh in “Indian cultural heritage : Perspective of Tourism” wrote that “Modern oceanographers have observed that the Harappans must have possessed great knowledge relating to tides in order to build such a dock on the ever-shifting course of the Sabarmati, as well as exemplary hydrography and maritime engineering.”
 
 S. R. Rao wrote about Lothal in Archaeological Survey of India that “A unique seal found here is from Bahrain—circular, with image of a dragon flanked by jumping gazelles. The discovery of etched carnelian beads and non-etched barrel beads in Kish and Ur (modern Iraq), Jalalabad (Afghanistan) and Susa (Iran) attest to the popularity of the Indus bead industry across West Arabia.”
 
Lothal people were experts in crafting as well as they have a well-developed place for blacksmiths and coppersmiths in the city.Many seals which were found during excavation indicates that the people living in Lothal worshipped the fire god and sea goddesses.
 
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