As I Start to write another Article in the last week of this November, we have almost come to fag end of this year, moving towards Nayaa saal after a month, with lot of newer resolutions for a better life & better India, a Greener India & a Healthier Nation above all. Before I start my detailed write-up on today’s topic while I sip my specially brewed filter Coffee, which fills me with lot of fresh thoughts & energies, I would like to quote In Sir.S.Radhakrishnan’s words—
“The Assertion of Republicanism, the assertion of the Sovereignty of the people, do not in any manner indicate any antagonism to the Princely rule itself. They do not refer to the present facts of past history of the Indian States but they indicate the future aspirations of the peoples of the states.”
Let me give you all a brief on What the Constitution of India?
The Constitution of India is the Supreme Law of India. It frames Fundamental Political Principles, Procedures, Practices, Rights, Powers, & Duties of the Government. It Imparts Constitutional Supremacy & Not Parliamentary supremacy, as it is not created by the Parliament, but by a constituent Assembly, & adopted by its people, with a declaration in its Preamble. Parliament cannot over ride it. The World’s longest Constitution is the Indian’s Constitution. At its commencement, it had 395 Articles in 22 Parts & 8 Schedules. It consists of approximately 145,000 words, making it the second largest active Constitution in the world. Currently it has a Preamble, 25 Parts, with 12 schedules, 5 appendices, 448 Articles. & 101 amendments. The Constitution of India was adopted on the 26th of November in the Year 1949. However, it came to effect on the 26th Januarys celebrated as Republic Day of India. It was adopted by Constitution Assembly, Dr.B.R. Ambedkar, the Chairman of the Drafting Committee, is widely considered to be the Architect of the Constitution of India. After the adoption of the Constitution, The Union of India became the Contemporary & modern Republic of India. The Constitution of India provides its citizens with six Fundamental Rights. Thaws Rights are The Right to Freedom, Right to Equality, Right to Constitutional Remedies, Cultural & Educational Rights, Right to Constitutional Remedies, Right against Exploitation, Right against Exploitation; Recently the Right to Privacy has also been added to the Fundamental Rights.
Let me now give you all a detailed Explanation on Constitution Day of India: All You Need to Know
Constitution Day of India is observed every year on 26th November. It is also known as Samvidhan Divas or National Constitution Day. Let us read more about the Constitution of India & This day raises awareness about the Indian Constitution. In 2019, it marks the 70th Anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution.
A Detailed view on National Constitution Day or Constitution Day of India
26th November, has its own significance in the history of Independent India because on this day in 1949, the Constitution of India was adopted and it came into effect on 26th January, 1950. Therefore, marking the dawn of a new Era. To acknowledge the Contribution of the Framers of the Constitution & to aggravate the people regarding the prominent values, 26th November is celebrated as the “Constitution Day”.
National Constitution Day Celebrations: In all the Government Offices or Institutions the celebrations will start by reading the “Preamble” of the Constitution. National Campaign will also launch that focus on the fundamental duties an important feature of the Constitution. It will start on 26th November, 2019 & Culminate on 26th November 2020. On 26th November 2019, the “Preamble” shall be read out in the Civil Secretariat at 11:00AM which will be followed by People in Jammu & Kashmir after the “Abrogation of Article 370” & for the 1st time we will celebrate “Constitution Day”. Even the Divisional commissioners, Deputy Commissioners, Heads of Departments,& the Heads of all the Policy Formations shall undertake similar activity in their offices & ensure that in all the subordinate offices “Preamble” shall be read out on the Constitution Day at 11.00 AM, & also Pledge to the Fundamental Duties.
Features of the Indian Constitution Day:
When the first time, National Constitution Day of India was was celebrated?
The BJP-led Government headed by our PM Narendra Modi, in 2015 declared 26 November as Constitution Day by a Gazette notification on 19th November, earlier this Day was known as National Law Day, after a resolution in 1979 by the Supreme Court Bar Association.
How the Constitution of India came India into being?
As we all know on 15th August 1947, India became Independent & on 26trh January 1950, we celebrate Republic Day because on this day the Constitution of India came into effect. In 1934, the demand of the Constituent Assembly was made. Let me Explain to you all that M.N. Roy, a communist Party Leader was the first who mooted the Idea. It was taken up by the Congress Party & Finally in 1940; the demand was accepted by the British Government. Indians are allowed to draft the Indian Constitution in the August offer. On 9th December, 1946, the Constituent Assembly for the First time met before Independence. The 1st President of the Constituent Assembly was Dr.Sachchidanand Sinha. Further, on 29th August 1947, a Drafting Committee was also consulted to prepare a Draft Constitution with Dr.B.R. Ambedkar as a Chairman. On 26th November, 1949, the Committee had finished their work. On 24th January 1950, the Process was completed when the members signed the document one each in Hindi & English. The First Meeting of the Assembly was in New Delhi on 9th December1946 & last till 24th January, 1950. During this time total of 11 sessions were held & met for around 166 days. This is the period between the adoption & Enforcement when thorough reading & translation from English to Hindi was done. On 26th January, 1950, the constitution of India came into Force & became the Law of the Land.
What is the Preamble to the Constitution of India?
The Constituent Assembly of India
“WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC & to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, Social, Economic, & Political
Liberty of Thought, expression, belief, faith & worship.
Equality of Status & Opportunity:
& to promote among them all.
FRATERNITY assuring the Dignity of the individual & the Unity & Integrity of the Nation.
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY, this 26th day of November, 1949, do hereby adopt, enact & Give to ourselves this Constitution.
Thus the Constitution of India declares India Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic assuring its Citizen’s Justice, equality & Liberty & Endeavors to Promote Fraternity. The Word Secular, Socialist were added to the Preamble during the Emergency in 1976.
Let me also tell you all the fact that the Indian Constitution describes the Fundamental Political Code, Structure, Procedures, Powers & duties of the Government Institutions. It also explains Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles & the Duties of the Citizens. India’s Constitution is the longest written Constitution in the World. It took around 2years, 11 Months & 17 days to complete the Constitution.
Addressing Nation in his monthly Radio Program Mann Ki Baat on Sunday, PM Narendra Modi said he hopes that “Constitution Day” reinforces People’s obligation towards upholding the Constitutional ideals & Values.
“I Hope that the “Constitution Day”, reinforces Constitutional Ideals & Values, thus contributing to Nation-Building. After all, this was the dream of the makers of our Constitution,”PM Modi was quoted as saying by ANI.
PM Modi also further added that “My dear Countrymen, November 26 is Constitution Day & it is a Special Day for the whole Country”, PM Modi said.” This year it is even more special as we will be completing 70yearsof the adoption of the Constitution”, he added.
The Main Aim is to publicize the Glorious & rich composite Culture and diversity of our Nation. Further, it aims to create awareness of Fundamental Duties as enshrined in the Indian Constitution.. As Citizens of our great Nation, we believe firmly in Gandhi a thought that “True source of Right is duty. If we all discharge our duties, Rights will not be far to seek” & was said by Sardar Patel, “Every Indian should forget that he is a Rajput, Sikh, or a Jaat. “He must also remember that he is an Indian & he has every right in his country but with certain Duties”.
The President of India, Vice-President of India, the Prime Minister, the Speaker of Lok Sabha, the Prime Minister, the Speaker of Lok Sabha, the Minister for Law & Justice and all Members of Parliament will Participate in a Special Function being organized in the Central Hall of the Parliament on the Constitution Day. A Digital Photo Exhibition will be inaugurated & a Portal on Youth Parliament Scheme will also be launched on this occasion.
Therefore, National Constitution Day is celebrated on 26th November to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India. Thus with my Limited Knowledge & understanding, had written about Constitution, by analyzing the Nuances into it, let’s all celebrate the Constitution Day, understand our Fundamental Rights & duties as Citizens of this great Nation, which is world’s largest Democracy, which are enshrined inside the Preamble, & become, & also feel very Proud of Bharat,which keeps Reinventing its Rich glories in an illustrious manner to the world, & I indeed feel very Proud that I was born on this Soil, which is very Tolerant, Democratic, socialist & Republic, thereby Paving way for “Naya Bharat, Nayee Umeed”.
Salutations to our Brave Warriors
Dr.Sukanya Subbanna Iyer
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