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PM Modi’s vision to make India, the Human Resource capital of the world

  • Hiral Patel
  • July 16, 2015
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Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched ‘Skill India Mission’ on the occasion of the first ever World Youth Skills Day on 15th of July at the Vigyan Bhavan in New Delhi. The event was attended by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, Defence minister Manohar Parrikar, Railways Minister Suresh Prabhu, Health and Family Welfare Minister J P Nadda and Minister of State (independent charge) Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Rajiv Pratap Rudy along with various Chief Minister’s, foreign dignitaries and industry leaders. Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the launch of ‘National Skill Development Mission’, unveiled the new ‘National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015’ and the roll out of an all-India flagship scheme, ‘Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikash Yojana – PMKVY.

PM Modi said that the National Mission will converge, coordinate, implement and monitor skill development activities across India. It will also be a vehicle to achieve the objectives of the National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015.

We have to map the requirements of the entire world and then provide human resource to them,

Prime Minister Modi said as he launched the National Mission for Skill Development. He emphasized that India should emerge as the ‘Human Resource Capital’ of the world, emulating China which has become the ‘factory’ of the world; Prime Minister Narendra Modi said as he unveiled the government’s massive Skill India Mission,

“If China is like a ‘manufacturing factory’ of the world; India should become the ‘human resource capital’ of the world. That should be our target and we should lay emphasis on that.”

India has few skilled laborers due to decades of neglect in training and it desperately needs electricians, bricklayers, plumbers, mechanics etc. Only 4.7% of India’s 40 crore-strong workforce possesses formal vocational education, compared to about 60% in industrialized countries. The Skill India Mission aims to change all that by training over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022. It will help in supplementing the economic and manufacturing revival which is occurring as a result of PM Modi’s ‘Make in India’ initiative. Finance minister Arun Jaitley called for converting India’s huge manpower into a resource.

“With economy recovering and picking up, with wages in our other competitive economies increasing hugely compared to the Indian economy, our opportunities are great. And when ‘Make in India’ and ‘Skilling India’ will converge, no doubt we have a great future ahead of us,”

Arun Jaitley said. Under Prime Minister Modi’s ‘PMKVY’ special camps are being organized at 100 locations with Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS) and a national SMS campaign is being rolled out to build awareness of the program, reaching about 40 crore subscribers. Fresh PMKVY training was initiated in 1,000 centers across all States and Union Territories in India, covering 50,000 youth in 100 job roles across 25 sectors.

Through an initiative known as ‘Recognition of Prior Learning’ (RPL), aimed at workers who have already been working in various industries, 10 lakh youth will be assessed and certified for the skills that they already possess.

A ‘Skill Loan’ initiative was also unveiled at the event, where loans from Rs 5,000-1.5 lakhs will be available for whoever seeks to attend skill development programs, over the next five years. The PM wants that a youth’s financial constraint should no longer be a hindrance to him/her accessing skill training programmes in the country.

Sanction letters for the first ever Skill Loans were handed out by the PM Modi to aspiring trainees.  He also awarded Skill Cards and Skill Certificates to trainees who had recently completed training through the Pilot Phase of PMKVY, which started in May. Such Skill Cards and Skill Certificates will allow trainees to share their skill identity with employers.

Across the country, 2.33 lakh youth were awarded certificates from Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and over 18,000 graduating students received job offer letters on the occasion of World Youth Skills Day. PM Modi personally presented industry job offer letters to five female ITI graduates at the event.

PMKVY’ will be a flagship, demand-driven, reward-based skill training scheme. It will incentivize skill training by providing financial rewards to candidates who successfully complete approved skill training programmes. Apart from that, skill development will be integrated with formal education by introducing vocational training classes linked to the local economy from class nine onwards in at least 25% schools, over the next five years. Under the policy, special focus will be laid on youth’s who do not wish to continue with school or higher education so that they are provided skills for other sustainable livelihood options.

The Prime Minister said,

“The youth of the nation doesn’t want to live a life of pity, they want to live with self-respect & dignity.” He further added, “It’s not that skill only brings money in your pocket, it instills you with a sense of confidence, brings a new strength in life.

With a view of taking forward the government’s ‘Skill India Mission’, the Indian Railways will provide space and manpower for the carrying out of skill development programmes across the country said Union Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu. The public transporter will sign a MoU with the Skill Development Ministry on Tuesday to firm up the National Skill Development Mission. The Railways will utilize vacant railway stations and the railways’ vast optic fiber network for skill development of youth in remote areas. A similar MoU has been signed with the Defense Ministry stating that Jawans who are about to retire would be trained as skill instructors in the last year of service, informed Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Rajiv Pratap Rudy. A TV channel and a national community radio frequency dedicated to skilling will be promoted to enable communication and dissemination of information and opportunities relating to skills.

To achieve the Prime Ministers vision Rajiv Pratap Rudy, minister of state for skills development and entrepreneurship, said the government would bring legislation in Parliament to set up skill universities in each state to create a large pool of skilled workers.  He said that,

Prime minister had directed that to achieve this objective (skill development), we will have to set up skill universities and work with states to achieve the goal. We are confident that in the coming days, we will bring in legislation in Parliament to make an attempt to establish a skill university in every state,

With the launch of the ‘Skill India Mission’ Prime Minister Narendra Modi plans to fight poverty through the means of skill development and economic revival, he said, “Through a policy driven approach we have waged a war against poverty and we have to win this war. I will form an army of poor, every poor & underprivileged citizen is my soldier and we will win this war against poverty on behalf of their strength.

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