Prambanan is the largest Hindu Temple located in Indonesia. This temple, locally referred to as Loro Jonggrang Temple. It was built in 9th century, Rakai Pikatan believed to be started construction of this grand temple in Java. On visiting Java said Rabindranath Tagore said that “I see India everywhere, but I do not recognize it.” The temple is situated around 18 km east of Yogyakarta city, on the boundary between Yogyakarta and Central Java province.
Prambanan is dedicated to the Trimurti, the Creator (Brahma), the Preserver (Vishnu) and the Destroyer (Shiva). It is among few temples across the world which represent Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva together.
The temple complex is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia, and one of the biggest in Southeast Asia. Temple structure is a 47-meter-high and the central building located inside a large complex of individual temples.
The Prambanan complex contained more than 250 large and small temples until a major earthquake hit the Indonesia in 16th Mataram kings expanded temple structure with addition of perwara temples around the central temple, it become royal temple for Mataram kings until they shifted their royal palace to East Java.
Though the temple ruins found in the year 1811 by a surveyor working for Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles but there were no efforts for its restoration rather Dutch started to loot the temple-priceless statutes become part of their garden. The restoration work for temple started in the year 1930, UNESCO listed Prambanan Temple Compound as World Cultural Heritage in 1991.
Visitors Statistic: In 2008, 856,029 Indonesian visitors and 114,951 foreign visitors visited Prambanan.The Prambanan Temple Compound consist of: 3 Trimurti temples: three main temples dedicated to Shiva, Visnu, and Brahma ,3 Vahana temples: three temples in front of Trimurti temples dedicated to the vahana of each gods; Nandi, Garuda, and Hamsa,2 Apit temples: two temples located between the rows of Trimurti and Vahana temples on north and south side,4 Kelir temples: four small shrines located on 4 cardinal directions right beyond the 4 main gates of inner zone. Patok temples: four small shrines located on 4 corners of inner zone and 224 Pervara temples: hundreds of temples arranged in 4 concentric square rows; numbers of temples from inner row to outer row are: 44, 52, 60, and 68.
The Prambanan is Rich Symbolism of Hinduism. It is home to almost entire culture of Hindus.Temple Archtrecture : Prambanan also recognize the hierarchy of the temple zones, spanned from the less holy to the holiest realms. Each Hindu and Buddhist concepts has their own terms, but the concept’s essentials is identical.Either the compound site plan (horizontally) or the temple structure (vertically) are consists of three zones:
Bhurloka (in Buddhism: Kāmadhātu), the lowest realm of common mortals; humans, animals also demons. Where humans still binded by their lust, desire and unholy way of life. The outer courtyard and the foot (base) part of each temples is symbolized the realm of bhurloka.
Bhuvarloka (in Buddhism: Rupadhatu), the middle realm of holy people, rishis, ascetics, and lesser gods. People here began to see the light of truth. The middle courtyard and the body of each temples is symbolized the realm of bhuvarloka.
Svarloka (in Buddhism: Arupadhatu), the highest and holiest realm of gods, also known as svargaloka. The inner courtyard and the roof of each temples is symbolized the realm of svarloka. The roof of the Prambanan temples is adorned and crowned with ratna (Sanskrit: jewel). In ancient Java temple architecture, ratna is Hindu counterpart of Buddhist stupa, and served as the temple’s pinnacle.
Ramayana has very strong connection with Prambanan, in Java, at the end of the ninth century Ramayana story comes from a sculptor at this temple structure in Old Javanese.
Svarloka (in Buddhism: Arupadhatu), the highest and holiest realm of gods, also known as svargaloka. The inner courtyard and the roof of each temples is symbolized the realm of svarloka. The roof of the Prambanan temples is adorned and crowned with ratna (Sanskrit: jewel). In ancient Java temple architecture, ratna is Hindu counterpart of Buddhist stupa, and served as the temple's pinnacle.
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